Tesla is the latest auto firm to object to customs duties introduced by the Trump administration and is demanding refunds.
The US and China have imposed border taxes on each other’s goods and services as part of a trade war.
Tensions between Washington and Beijing have rapidly escalated in recent weeks, mainly concerning technology firms.
A number of lawsuits are reported to have been filed by carmakers in the past few days in the New York-based Court of International Trade.
Mercedes-Benz in its filing accused Washington of “prosecution of an unprecedented, unbounded, and unlimited trade war impacting over $500bn in imports from the People’s Republic of China”.
Tesla in its filing called the tariffs “arbitrary, capricious, and an abuse of discretion”.
Founder Elon Musk wants the tariffs cancelled along with a “refund, with interest” of import taxes paid, according to the filing.
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