A Roadmap for U.S.-Europe Cooperation on China



Paul Gewirtz, Ryan Hass, Susan Thornton, Robert Williams, Craig Allen, David Dollar | Yale Law School, Paul Tsai China Center

Over the past year, we have worked together with a diverse group of U.S. experts on China to explore how the United States and Europe can most effectively combine efforts to meet the many challenges posed by China’s rise. Working with allies and partners in Europe to increase our collective leverage with China has been one of President Biden’s major themes. This paper provides concrete and practical recommendations for achieving this crucial goal.

Developing effective trans-Atlantic collaboration on China requires a realistic understanding of how European leaders think about and approach China. Toward that end, a primary focus of our work has been intensive interactions with a broad cross-section of current European officials and experts who work on China policy. European officials are generally enthusiastic about Joe Biden’s election and the prospect of the U.S. again working in concert with allies and partners on common challenges and opportunities. They share President Biden’s view that leverage with China will be much enhanced if like-minded countries work collaboratively. Nonetheless, they have also been very candid in expressing their views about likely convergences and divergences between the U.S. and Europe concerning policies toward China. The recommendations in this paper take account of these important realities.


To read the full report from Yale Law School, Paul Tsai China Center, please click here

Image from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace