America’s Trade Policy’s Research Library provides curated content on the most important trade issues being addressed by policy makers around the world.


Raising a caution flag on US financial sanctions against China

Jeffrey J. Schott | PIIE | 01/04/2021

China’s policies in Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and the South China Sea and its ongoing support for Iran, North Korea, and Venezuela pose major challenges for the United States, where bipartisan…

Sanctions and the End of Trans-Atlanticism. Iran, Russia, and the Unintended Division of the West

Rawi Abdeal, Aurélie Bros | French Institute For International Relations | 01/23/2020

Venezuela: Overview of U.S. Sanctions

Clare Ribando Seelke | Congressional Research Service | 10/16/2019

For more than a decade, the United States has employed sa...

The Sanctions Policy of the European Union: Multilateral Ambitions Versus Power Politics

Éric-André Martin | French Institute of International Relations | 10/03/2019

Secondary Sanctions’ Implications and the Transatlantic Relationship

Samantha Sultoon & Justine Walker | Atlantic Council and UK Finance | 09/19/2019

The term s...

U.S.-China Trade and Economic Relations: Overview

Andres B. Schwarzenberg | Congressional Research Service | 09/12/2019

Background Over the past decades, Congress...

China and Economic Sanctions: Where Does Washington Have Leverage?

Richard Nephew | Brookings | 09/01/2019

Though historically China has been a sanctions recipien...


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